Monday, March 23, 2009

LEGU-LEGU, Ternate palace Classical Dance

The main characteristic of the traditional art form of Ternate is the conventional art. Feature-based characteristics, traditional art in Ternate is divided into two groups, namely: Art Palace / palace (Hofkunst) and People's Art (Volkskunst).
Art Palace is a group of art created or built, developed by and for the royal palace. Generally, the completeness of the customs and rituals are seremonial. While the Art of the arts group that created, built and developed by and for the general public. Art palace has been there since pre-Islamic era, namely in the form of dance art and sound art. In
Ternate, a mix of both forms of this art form in a classical dance of ritual, which is "Legu-Legu".


Pentas Legu-Legu di Halaman Pendopo,

Dance Legu-Legu only and there is only dipentaskan Ternate palace in the environment only. Dance is not a dance single that brought only by 1 but the dancers made by more than 5 0rang, even up to 25 people simultaneously. The dancers consist of young girls who still need perwan / not yet married. Terms of the value that this Legu-Legu have a sacred nature. The dancers are a medium that is still sacred. Sometimes there are one or more dancers who do this movement, not in a state of conscious / possessed the spirit of the ancestors. Dance legu-Legu only dipentaskan on time with a particular consideration should be the main rituals and customs have any relation with the sacred palace.
A unique classical dance from the royal palace Ternate property is that the dancers who membawakannya can only come from the descendants of Soa / Marga "Soangare" or "Soa Ngongare" only. Soangare is one of the clan of kinship groups even though the typical Ternate genalogis not descendants of the sultan, but this clan is very close in the palace as before Soangare clan is one of the clan to "Abdi Dalem" a very loyal royal palace in
Dance Legu-Legu this is usually referred to as the "Legu Kadato", to distinguish with the term
Lake Toba (The annual Pesta Adat / Country Party). Dance is brought to the orchestra while accompanied tabuh specific areas that consist of Maluku; Two small Tifa, a copper Gong and accompanied the two half-old songstress. Usually sung lyrics that come from old lyric-poetic language of Ternate
cited Ternate oral literature, namely Dorobololo, Evidence and Evidence Tifa Moro. (see related article earlier)
The girl dancers Legu-dance movement Legu play this pattern with a circle (Round dance) with the composition of the dance movement is very complex. Temponya slow and usually takes more than 1 hour to complete. Legu-Legu that its function as a sacred ritual dance, and dance and composition in penarinya, reminds us at the Dance Bedoyo Ketawang from
Surakarta palace Kasunan and Dance Bedoyo Semang royal palace in Yogyakarta
which is well known in foreign countries.
Movement in dance Legu-Legu prefer the movement of the play that is usually red shawl-yellow (red = right, yellow = left) is bound at the waist and also the dancers movement heels. This dance also use a folding fan that is often used in dance movement. When not in use or to perform other movements, the fan-fold diselipkan earlier in the belt of the dancers. This dance is not using pinggul movement or head movement.
Girl dancers dance to use this sort of turban-shaped golden yellow crown / tiara on the front and such a small wing on the left-right above the ears and tail shape on the back of the head. This headband berhiaskan beads and jewel that digantungkan. Almost all of their bodies covered with a yellow clothes, plus a kind of scarf tied at the waist, complete with the belt color pattern decoration flowers small.
Clothes that they use shaped brackets that sleeved shirt and long skirt paired with heels up to the long leg with a folding fan that is inserted in the belt. On the wrists bound with a kind of frame red. Whereas in the neck brackets berhiaskan embroidery beads.
Legu-Legu dance is the only dance ritual in Ternate sultanate palace. According to the source of the royal palace
, in fact there are 12 types or variations of this dance with 12 songs for each type. However, at this time that some type of dipentaskan only Legu-Legu for example only; Akilindo, Bombaka and Dansapele.
At the present time, dance Legu-Legu that this sacred dipertunjukan only in the framework of traditional ceremonial pomp Ternate palace, at the time of the ceremony Penobatan Sultan (called Sinonako Jou Kolano), validation / The wife of the Sultan as the "empress" (which is called Sinonako Jou ma Boki-), Birthday of Sultan, welcome guests at the majestic palace. Lately often dipertunjukan in 2 routines each on the annual Festival in the palace as the archipelago moved the implementation of the palace from every member of the Festival.


Legu-Legu Dancer (1870) Photo by Buwald

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